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Thursday, March 21, 2013

Archaeological points of Albania to visit this spring-summer 2013

The territory of Albania, as a result of favorable position in the Mediterranean basin, which is recognized as one of the most important cradles of world civilization, its stores inside a number of archaeological sites which are evidence of this civilization. 
These points are extended from north to south, and constitute the most important tourist destinations.
Butrint:  Among the most important are the ruins of this ancient city, which is under international protection of UNESCO. Butrint is located on the southern edge of Lake Butrint (in antiquity known naming Pelodes) at a distance of 18 km from the city of Saranda. He is one of the most important archaeological sites in Albania. Butrint was an ancient city in Epirus mentioned in shek.VII BC, as a fortified center. According to Apollodorus BUTHROTON name comes from the Greek "bous-bull".While by Dionysus Halicarnassusit, Butrint formation linked over here to Trojan prince Aeneas, who on their way to the temple of Dodona sacrificed a bull which means (Buthrotos). The poet Virgil in his poem "Eneida" in book 3 gives the description of Aeneas's visit to Butrint. Butrinti reached his peak in the 4th century BC In 228 it became the Roman colony, and a century later became part of the province of Illyria. In the 6th century AD became an episcopal center.
In addition to the status of UNESCO since 2000 Butrint has been declared National Park also.
Main facilities to visit Butrint Temple Aeskulapiusit
(God of Health) II century AD, with 1 500 seats theater (III century BC), the Baptist which is a monument paloeokristian and the size is second only to that of St. Sophia in Istanbul, nymfeu, bathrooms, basilica, gate Lion Gate Lake, Venetian tower, castle of Ali Pasha, etc.. A series of objects found in the Museum of Butrint.
Butrint archaeological pearl is known as bust "Dea head" 50 cm high. This bust placed on a statue woman the century. IV BC It was discovered by Italian archaeologist Ugolini in 1938. Initially he identified hyjneshën city named Dea. Later identified with Apollo's head. This bust today is in the National History Museum in Tirana.
Besides archeological and architectural values, Butrint is known for its excellent ecosystem. It is positioned in the middle of a real jungle subtropical evergreen, where striking laurels, high trees and Liana.
Apollonia:  is one of the most important Archaeological Albania. It is mentioned by Cicero "... like a big city and stately." Apollonia is located 11 km west of Fier. The ancient city was founded at the end of VII century by colonists coming from Corinth and Korkyra. V-VI century BC the city reached its peak of prosperity when it cut its currency.
In the first century BC Roman Emperor August studied philosophy at Apollonia. The city had a wall of 5 km surrounding an area of ​​140 hectares. Among the most interesting objects for the visitor of today are 'great wall of Agonoteteve "(City Council) II century BC, Odeon century. II BC with a capacity of 400 spectators, stoa (Stoa) covered with a length of 77 meters, the network of channels, etc. . Worth mentioning is the finding of the head of Zeus (V century BC) and heads Artemisi (IV century BC)
Ancient Durres:  Durres City is one of the most ancient cities in Albania. It was founded in 627 by colonists coming from Corinth and Korkyra annexation of the Illyrian tribe Taulants. Initially called Epidamn city and after Dyrrah (according to mythology nephew Epidamnos). Durres then returned to the seat of the kings Taulantia, early Glaukut and after his sons Monunit and Mytilit. In 229 BC Durres conquered by Rome. During Roman rule in Durres amphitheater were built, water etc.. Ancient Durrës had its acropolis located at the height of 98 meters above sea level and its constitution.
The most important monument is   Durres Amphitheatre which is the second size in the Balkans. It was built in the II century AD during the Roman emperor Hadrian. The amphitheater has a capacity of 15 -20 thousand spectators and resembles the style of construction of Pompeii and kapuas monuments in Italy. X century in his galleries built a "caps" which is known for mosaics rarely muror.
Byzantine Forum,  which is a large complex of buildings that the V-VI century AD It is decorated with marble columns and in the center is a well.
Terms  . I belong II.AD century, have been discovered in the country in what is now the theater "Alexander Moses".
Mosaic "Beauty of Durres ". It was discovered in 1616. This mosaic of the IV century BC and is one of the bukurve in Albania worked with pebbles. Currently he is exhibiting at the National History Museum.
Castle of Durres . Was fortified during the V-VI century in the period of Emperor Anastasios. The length of the wall was 3.5 km. Today kept 500 meters from the castle wall.
Finiqi:  Located along the highway, Saranda-Neck Muzinë. Fashti today located at a distance of only 8 km away from the Ionian Sea. It was founded in III-II century BC on the territory of Kaonisë. It was a fairly large town and also the capital of Kaonisë. Finiqi mentioned by Polybius, Strabo and Ptolemy city. For the first time mentioned by Polibi about Illyrian war-year etole 230 BC when the city was conquered by Skerdilaidi, the commander of troops Illyrian queen Teuta, which act by separating the influence Etol and enclosed with Illyria. The city has been an area of 40 acres and surrounded by walls over 3 km. Were found partially municipal theater and a chapel. There is a VI century basilica.
Orikumi:  Situated in the south of the bay of Vlora. He was an ancient city in the land of the Illyrian tribe Amante was formed by people coming from the Greek island of Eubeas century. V BC ancient Orikumi has played an important role in the wars between Caesar and Pompey.
In the third century BC he cut coins with his name. In 214 it was conquered by Alexander the Great's fleet. The most important monument is discovered century theater. BC, with a capacity of 500 spectators. Other objects are rocky stairs 2.5 meters width and water well 20 meters deep. Orikum Byzantine period became known as Jericho. This label is believed to have links with the Jewish community that was found in the bay of Vlora. In addition there is also archaeological ruins century Marmiroi church. XII.
Amantia:  It is the capital of the Illyrian tribe Amante. Its ruins are located in the village of Ploce in Vlora river valley. Amantia was founded in the nineteenth century. V BC The ancient city had its own acropolis, the Temple of Aphrodite, etc.. Nowadays detected Amantia stadium which has a runway with a length of 60 meters and 12.5 meters width. On one side of the stadium is 17 degrees while the other 8 scale. Among interesting discoveries Amantia is a relief Deity Fertility III century BC, which is exposed in the National History Museum.
Lower Selca monumental tombs,  located at a distance of 40 km from the city of Pogradec. They date back to 400 years before Christ. Selca was an Illyrian city tribe Desartëve, founded in VI century BC It is believed that there has been "Pelioni" and residences of ancient Illyrian King Klit. Selca boom peak reached in the century. IV and III BC, when it was built, the wall surrounding surface. 3 acres.Archaeological point lies at a height of 1040 m above sea level. They found 5 monumental graves, four of which are engraved as tunnels. Ionic style tombs are rare graves in the Balkans and resemble similar monuments discovered in southern Italy. In these graves are found brooch, gold plate, filigrami etc.
Albanopoli (Zgërdheshi)  , located on the right side of the road Fushe Kruje - Krujë near the village Halil. In 1871, the Austrian eminent scholar Han visited the castle Illyrian Zgërdheshit and suggested that this was ancient ALBANOPOLI, the capital of Albania tribe, from which it takes its name Albania.The ancient city set on the hill occupied an area of 10 hectares. Strong walls with a length of 1,400 meters were protecting him from all sides. Today maintained a wall of 90 meters long. In this place the Acropolis occupies 1/3 of the surface. From pottery discovered in Zgërdhesh worth noting a small statue of the goddess Artemis marble. The ancient city has thrived for 3-4 centuries until it was abandoned in the fourth century. II AD
Byllis . It is one of the most important archaeological sites in Albania. It was the capital of the Illyrian tribe Bylineve established in the nineteenth century. IV BC. It is located near the village of Hekalit Mallakastër at a distance of 4 km from the national road Ballsh-Tepelen. Ancient ruins are located on a hill. At the beginning of the ancient city has been named "Bulis" in the events of 49 -48 BC, when the city surrendered to Caesar. Meanwhile Pliny in the first half century AD of regarded Byllis as a Roman colony. During the century. II and III BC city cut its currency. The ruins today consist of walls, theater, basilica, etc..
Nikaia  . Situated in the village Klos Mallakastra at a distance of 1 km away from Byllis. The ancient city of the fifth century BC as a fortified center. He has been surrounded by walls that cover an area of 18 hectares.
To the east of the ancient city has been discovered porch area 300 m2 and capacity theater 800 - 1 000 spectators.
Antigonea . Point arkologjike in Gjirokastra district in the province of Lunxhëria near village Sraqinisht. There was a city Kaonisë in Epirus. Believed to have been built by King Pyrrhus of Epirus in honor of his wife named Antigonea. Establishment of the century town. II BC Among the most interesting objects found in Antigone are sphinxlike Antigoneia, which is exposed at the entrance of the National History Museum in Tirana, as well as a 30 cm high bronze figure identified in Poseidon, the sea deity. The ruins today consist of stone blocks, antique columns, etc..
Theater Sofratikës . Situated in the valley of Drinos in Gjirokastra district near the village of the same name. Here was a city called Adrianapoli Roman period, c. II AD Theatre in question was discovered in 1984. It has a capacity of 4 000 seats with 27 degrees.

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