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Thursday, October 18, 2012

Albania Nature, Active Recreation


Albania is located in Balkan Peninsula at the southeastern part of Europe. Country land borders are with Greece, Macedonia, Kosovo and Montenegro. In the west the channel of Otranto (82 km long) separates us from Italy. The climate is pleasant and healthy. In an average roundly about 120 days of the year shows a temperature more then 20 degree and further more 112 - 120 are sunny days (Albania is ranked the second country in Europe after the Spain)
The coastline with both waters of lagoons and wetlands stretches for 450 km long. Two distinct zones are Adriatic and Ionian sea. Albanian coastline has a high potential for tourism activities (Sun & Sea). In the interior part of the country there are very nice landscapes, which makes another attraction for tourists and visitors.
The Albanian nature offers a good opportunitie for different kind of tourism activities, including coastal tourism, green tourism, white tourism, adventoures tourism.
The beaches

The best alternative suitable for kids and family vacations are the beaches found in the Adriatic sea . Those are Velipoja, Durresi , Golemi, Divjaka, and Plazhi I Ri in Vlora. In the other hand the Ionian coast is known for its small intime beaches and it is highly frequented by young generation. These beaches offers great possibilities for several water activities such as diving, sailing , etc.
The Albanian coast is enriched with several lagoons which are a valuable natural object for echo - tourism, bird watching . This happens especially in the lagoons of Karavasta, and Kune - Vain.
Osumi River and Canions

Osum Canions are 26 km length, in an altitude of 450m from sea level. It is supposed they have been formed 2-3 million years ago from water erosion that dips in to the earth. Through all of its strait, it contains a lot of underground passages and unexplored caves.
It is often thought that canyons have served long time ago like passages over Corrovodas river, but through passing of time, the ceilings of passages have been destroyed creating another various shapes that today form the canyon. In the gulf of this canyon that is passed from Osum river in both its sides, outflow falls from different villages which pass in a rock chain. The origin of the biggest canyon in Albania, by many European researchers and geographers is thought as one of the greatest in Europe. The canyon is marvelous for its ecosystem that preserves in itself where as well, where the greenery in both sides of canyon is a permanent feature.
Mediterranean bushes like heath, briar etc with a rich lively world and different categories of fish are preserved in river foundation. In the slopes of the canyon, erosive activity has created a rock chain, one of the rarest found in Albanian canyons.
About Osum valley, habitants tell many legends, which came from far away... starting with Mulliri i Babait, Vrima e Nuses and Saint Abaz Ali...quite interesting for any visitor.
In Osum Canions are 6 straits where the canyon width ranges from 1.5 m wide in its riverbed up to 35m wide up in the slopes. Besides in Canyons one can find a Cathedral, The eye, Demons door... The digging through years has given to it the appearance of an edifice of a natural cult. Build to be a treasure of humanity through creative miracle of biggest master of all times - the nature, Osum canyons give you a magic impression in the first second you see them. Often is hard enough or even impossible to describe those emotions that you experience seeing and touching, and perhaps is incredible but it is true that experiencing these emotions will change your life.
The view they offer when you see from high up is really breathtaking but the experience when you are actually down and having a walk makes you think you are part of a fairytale, or perhaps dreaming.
 Lakes 
Albania is a rich country with different kinds of lakes. The most distinguished for   recreation is the Ohrid lake, with a total area of 362 sq.  (1/3 belongs to Albania). This is the deepest tectonic lake in all Balkan, about 300 meters deep. Because of its great variety of flora and specific fauna, cultural values, Ohrid lake is part of UNESCO natural and cultural heritage. The unique of this lake is the "Koran" fish, hardly to be found in another lake in the world.
The city of Pogradec is located in the southwestern part of the lake shores .There are several tourist  spots round the lake , such as Lini, Pojksa, Driloni and Tushemisht. Althought there are many hotels in this zone, now it is expanding the number of "Guest hoses" rented to the tourists. In the other hand in  the northwester of Albania is Shkodra Lake,the biggest lake in Balkan. It has a surface of 365 sq,km but only 148 sq,km belongs to Albania. There are tourist spots of Shiroka and Zogaj which are well known for their fish restaurants . Bathing, swimming , rowing and fishing are the main activites in this lake.
Prespa Lake, the highest tectonic lake in Balkan has an area of 285 sq.km from which 44 sq,km belongs to Albanian territory .  It is known for the high rocky shores with small beaches. There is the small island of Maligran where is the  eremite church of Saint Mary.
Mount Destination 
Mountains are widely spread in the territory of Albania.  The most important ones for the tourism are Dajti (Tirana District) Loogara ( Vlora district) Dardha and Bozdovec ( Korça district) , Valbona ( Tropoja district) , Thethi ( Malesia e madhe district). They offers a myriad of opportunities for different activitites as hiking, mounting, trekking, skiing, mount biking , caving etc .

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