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Monday, October 22, 2012

Archaeological Parks in ALBANIA


 
 

Archaeological Parks in ALBANIA

skenderbeu_promoFor more info visit http://www.albaniantourism.com/
 
antigonea
 
Finiq (Phoinike)
In antiquity the territory around the site belonged to Chaonia, part of the Epirus kingdom, and it is rich in finds from the Classical to the Byzantine period
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Lezha (Lissus)
The ancient city of Lissos is situated about half way between ancient Epidamnos-Dyrrahium and Scodra, built on a hill overlooking the flow of the Drin river.
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Oricum (Orikos)
Oricum is located to the right of the Vlora-Saranda national road and 42 km south of the Greek colony of Apollonia.
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Shkodra (Scodra)
Shkodra is one of the most ancient cities in northwestern Albania. It was founded in the 4th century B.C. as the centre of the Illyrian tribe of the Labeates.
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Butrint (Bouthrotos)
Butrint is situated on a low promontory on the southwest coast of Albania, south of the modern city of Saranda and opposite from the Greek island of Corfu.
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Byllis
Byllis has been the largest city in Southern Illyria, but despite this fact, has been mentioned relatively late by historians and ancient geographers.
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Antigonea
Excavations conducted by Albanian archaeologists near the modern village of Saraqinishte, mainly in the 1960s-1980s, on the hill of Jerme, on the east side of the Drinos valley, led to the identification of the fortified city with that of Antigonea.
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Apollonia
The famous Roman orator Cicero, astonished by the beauty of Apollonia named it in his Philippics, magna urbs et gravis - a great and important city.
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Amantia
This was the capital of the Illyrian tribe of Amantes. Its ruins are in the village of Plloça in the Vlora river valley. It was founded in the fifth century B.C. and covered an area of 13 ha.
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Excavations conducted by Albanian archaeologists near the modern village of Saraqinishte, mainly in the 1960s-1980s, on the hill of Jerme, on the east side of the Drinos valley, led to the identification of the fortified city with that of Antigonea. The identification is based on the discovery of fourteen bronze tesserae with the inscription ANTIGONEON, in one of the houses of the Hellenistic period. 
antigonea_3 
The ancient literary sources do not mention the circumstances of Antigonea's founding or the reason behind its name. The various opinions range from Antigonos Gonatas, King of Macedonia being its founder to the most persuasive of all opinions that Pyrrhus, the Molossian king built the city in 296 B.C., in honor of his wife Antigone.
 
Antigonea lies on a hill about 600 meters above sea level and the wall circuit is estimated to have had a length of ca. four kilometers, covering 35 hectares. The Agora of the city has been excavated and a Stoa, 59 meters long and 9 m wide has been brought to light. Coins from various city states have been found in excavations, arriving from Korkyra (modern Corfu), Apollonia, Dyrrachium, Oricum, Ambracia but also the Epirote League, most of them made of bronze and few in silver.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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