Winter is soft and laësht, hot and dry summer. The average annual temperature is 15.3 ° C. There are about 2,600 hours of sunshine per year, while rainfall ranging from 1700-2500 mm rain per year. Air humidity 66%, wind speed of 25-45 m / s.Population, people Shkodra population is homogeneous. Considering the natural increase since the 2003 census, the city may be incumbent actual over 115,000 inhabitants. Significant growth it has achieved after 1960, a result of natural growth, 18/00 and population movement from rural to urban. Average density population reaches 135 banor/km2. The average life expectancy of about 70 years. The urban population reaches 44%. On the administrative side, Shkodra was the center of the prefecture (district), which includes the districts of Puke Great Highland. Shkodra district administers two municipalities and 16 communes.People in Shkodra are very communicative, humorous and extremely sympathetic. Although the city takes part in one of the poorest areas of Albania, Shkodran are generous, hospitable and big spending, so that the overall impression is that those that benefit from are fond of fun. They show no signs of racism, xenophobia, religious intolerance or political, although recently the city has not changed political colors. Shkodra are sometimes indifferent to each other, but quickly become solidarity with foreigners, whenever the need arises.Transportation costs Shkodra has about 120 km inland. The town itself is situated about 99 km away from Tirana, connected with Kosovo through Kukes road, 170 km, Montenegro via northern Shkoder-Hani i Hoti - 40 km, through road Shirokë-Zogaj - 16 km road Muriqan - 15 km. Northern Alps linked by road: Great Highland - 65 km, Dukagjin - 40 km, Dashboard - 30 km Shllak - 25 km, Vig - 40 km. Shkodra is away Razmës about 42 km away from Boge 48 km. Velipoja 29 km. And very close has Shirokën and Zogaj 3-9 km. Shkodra is connected to the internal network as well as the international railway through Hani Hoti Station - 35 km. Associated with the Port of Durres city road, 131 km, with the port of Shengjin - 55 km and to the airport - 95 km. Public transport within the city covers line Bahçallëk-fermentation. Passenger transportation between Shkodra and the majority of the municipalities covered by the means of transport type passenger van.Shkodër postal service implemented by the Albanian Post, which performs the sending and receiving letters, parcels, typography, and international payment orders with several countries, currency exchange etc.. In Shkodra there and postal services DHL and UPS, as well as money transfers Western Union, Moneygram, etc..Origin of history SΚΟΔRΙΝΩΝ (Latin Scodra), can be interpreted as go Drin (go Drino). Another variant is that of the Turks, surprised by the struggles of local fighters, thought Shkodra were descendants of Alexander the Great (Skënderi, according to them) and called the town named İşkodra or Işkenderiyye. However, the area around where they put the city has been inhabited since prehistoric times, because they have found traces of Palaeolithic medium, and since Neolithic excavations have revealed ongoing lifestyle that comes up nowadays. These archaeological finds are preserved in the City Museum, etc.. The city itself was built during the fourth century BC Foot hills of Tepes, south of the city, begin archaeological materials from the Early Bronze (2000 BC). In the fifth century - IV p.k. began the construction of the stone castle Cyclop tightly without mortar. In that period territories inhabited by Illyrian tribe the Labeats. At this time the city takes economic development, which is evidenced by the cutting of currency in the city named Scodrinon that in 230 BCSlavs make the capital state of Zeta century. Xl. In the fourteenth century, an autonomous center and in 1360 made the capital of Principality Balshaj. 1396 passes under the rule of the Venetian Republic. After the death of the national hero Scanderbeg, in 1479 Sultan Mehmet II around Shkodra with 100,000 soldiers, the last city Albanian occupied. Continued protection over seven months by a garrison of 1,600 men who surrendered provided. This resistance was described by the first Albanian historian and witness this event, Shkodrani Marin Barleti. His book "The Siege of Shkodra" was published in the West in 1504. In XVIII century becomes the center of Patriarchy Bushatli. 1787, Mahmut Pasha Bushatli tried to establish an independent Albanian principality, but was crushed by the Turks. 1865 abandoned castle housing because Drin river bed changed. 1878 Shkodra helps Prizren League sent its armies shtritë protection of the Albanian lands Plav, Gucia, Hoti, Gruda, Ulcinj and Bar. In the winter of 1912-1913, for almost 7 months, Shkodra led by Hasan Riza Pasha Turkish commander, makes face inhuman attack Montenegrin army. Later, the Austrians occupy the city before Lushnja Congress 1920 to include Scutari in the new Albanian state jurisdiction. So before the fascist occupation, the city was a mainly food industry and cement, but the coming to power of the communists after World War II, gave Shkodra serious blow, especially in the cultural and spiritual. The irony of the regime went to open the only museum in Shkodra Atheist, shortly after the forced closure of religious institutions and the persecution of the clergy. However, it was Shkodra, November 4, 1990, led to the first mass, 23 years after the ban on religion, which is described as the preceding wafer democratic changes in Albania.Shkodra heritage culture preceded Albanian civilization being in step with the world civilization. Brightest minds from the city have written language and history, have extended recent knowledge arts, so that the most common definition for Shkodra is the "cradle of culture". In Shkodra start to write books first, before songs sung, played the first dramas, to become the first photos show first films, first played football, heard a piano before at home, composed operas First, ... Genesis. Shkodra is genesis.Shkodër was formed first humanists Marin Barleti Marin Biçikemi. 20-30 years of the twentieth century, literature come as Gjergj Fishta Ndre Mjeda, Migjeni Ernest Koliqi. In the early twentieth century, Shkodra had 26 piano. The symphony's first concert given in Shkodra was "unfinished Sinfonia" Shubertit. Just in Shkodra, in 1958, was the first Albanian opera scene, "Mrika," composer Prenk Jakova, among the most prominent pitorët is Kole Idromeno.Currently, Shkodra has many monuments and institutions of culture, education and religion, according to the season. The period of antiquity to the Middle Ages: Rozafa Castle, the perimeter wall of the ancient city (Roman period), Castle Museum, the Church of St. Stephen and the Church of Our Lady of Shkodra, Lead Mosque, clock Inglizit Bridge Mid. While in the new part of the city are these places of worship of religious institutions, some revamped after 90 years: "Abu Bakr" Mosque of Perashit, cathedral of Shkodra, Franciscan Church, Orthodox Church, Madrasas "Sheh Shame" Seminar Ndërdioqezan Albanian Franciscan College, Shkodër, Former college saverian, Gymnasium "At Peter Meshkalla" Albanian Katekistik Institute etc.. Among the educational and cultural institutions are: University "Louis the Gurakuqi" established in 1957, the "Marin Barleti", unique phototeque "captures", theater Migjeni, etc. City Museum. Shkodra has also stadium "Loro Borici", the second-largest country.
Castle Rozafa / 200 ALL Rozafa Castle is the oldest historical monument. Builds on a strategic hill, Drin and Buna rivers meeting in the south with free view on Lake Skadar in the northwest, to check the area by sea in the west and east, passing inland of the Balkans. Legend has it that the castle was built by three brothers: she stood, they were forced to live murosnin smaller brother's wife, who refused to sacrifice, seeking to leave without being immured within the right to baby feeding and hand to dangle pet cradle. Archaeological excavations indicate that the castle is one of the earliest settlements Skadar basin, inhabited about 4000 years ago. Within the walls surrounding an area of about 3.5 km2. Perimeter walls is 881 m. The castle is divided into three yards. The most important is the last one which was the center Master, or the governor's residence, built by the Venetians in the early twenty-first century. XV. Fortifying a system plays an important role in the system of secret underground passages. In 80 years, the castle has become a total restoration. Inside the ancient walls is a museum dedicated to the history and legend of the castle. To the main gate can be reached by car through a street partly paved and partly cobbled.Mesi Bridge, built over the river Kir, near the village center, about 6 km from the city of Shkodra. It was built by Mehmet Pasha Bushati in the second half of XVIII century. The bridge is 108 m long, spacious 3.4 m and consists of 13 stone arches. The biggest arch area 21.5 m and 12 m height. It was until recently served to connect the city of Shkodra with Drishti.Bath City, very close to its center, is a public bathroom set up in 1793, with full functional scheme. Main part is the dome, which consists of stripping environment, he sweating, two for swimming and water tanks, under which is placed the oven.
Characteristic way. Was built in the early twentieth century. Is part of the museum area of the city. It saves significant construction activity values of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century and is a testament to the city's economic development for that period.Characteristic houses. In the mid nineteenth century in Shkodra begin to build flats çardak some options (with çardak across the forehead with çardak on one side).Historical Museum. The museum is located in a flat feature, built around the last quarter of the nineteenth century, which preserves the architectural and historical value, as it is the home of the National Hero, Oso Kuka.The collection "captures" / 150 ALL In 1858 here was stampua picture first, which relates to name Marubi. It took place almost simultaneously with the global picture, giving the Albanian art coherence with the face of a modern civilization. In 1971, was created monumental archive of breathtaking fototekës "captures". There are thousands of portraits, compositions, landscapes, stories, etc.., Which focus on ordinary people, politicians, popular rebel, painters, part of urban planning, architecture, monuments, etc..A visit to the art gallery Art Gallery brings the culture of this city. It, in its funds, includes works of Shkodra and those known, since the Renaissance to our days. Since 1970 the gallery preserves, protects and displays 700 paintings and tradition authors of our day.University "Louis the Gurakuqi" was founded on May 25, 1991 on the basis of Institute of Higher Pedagogical open on September 2, 1957.Theatre "Migjeni" professional theater was established in 1949 on the basis of amateur theater. Theater troupe has staged many works of national and international repertoire, contemporary classical authors. In addition it operates theater troupe of entertainment, which with exquisite humor, was loved by the locals. It lies near Shkodra tables traditional humor, Bayt, carnivals they have given the name "City of humor."Natural monuments of the cityOlistolitet Hill Tepes There Tepes hills near the town. There are two limestone blocks Alps tectonic zone, located on the flysch paleologjenik (1200 m2), 10-15 m height. Visited by road to the castle of Rozafa.Thrusting tectonic Shiroka Situated near the village Shirokë where Tarabosh (tectonic zones of the Alps) has mbihipur on flysch Paleocene Krasta-Cukali. Visited by route Shkodra and Buna Bridge Shirokë.Turnip Ramaj Located in cemeteries Rrmajve east of the city, 10 m above sea level. Trees 25-30 m height, trunk diameter 1.5-2 m, perimeter around 6-7 m, while the Crown over 30-40 m.Çinari Hoxhë Dheu Wood plane 150-year-old. Situated in the heart of the city, recently involved in a restored area. "Hoxhë soil", the title was carrying reconciler of feuds. The first Hoxhaj after calling Çinarit, commissioned a friend by Postribe to bring the sapling and planted it.Çinari Tophanës Wood plane 160-year-old. Located in the neighborhood of the same name, one of the oldest in the city. The country has been a focal point for residents assemblies i.Outside and inside ShkodraVelipoja JP Shkodra, 29 km away, lies the beautiful beach of Velipoja, with a length of 14 km with a width of about 300 m, which creates many opportunities for tourist use. This is a gem of nature coast of Albania, where the harmonious combination of the sea, river, beach, forest, lagoon with a sandy mountain rich and untapped, pure water, with a hunting reserve. The town is the new beach curative value and favorable climatic conditions, where there are about 100 days with temperatures above 25 ° C. If you prefer to relax on the beach of Velipoja, it offers numerous recreation opportunities, there may be a wash, make boating, hunt rabbits, boars, pheasants and wild ducks etc.. For sea fishing buffs Vilunit river near the beach, bring to qefull of bass fishing opportunities.In recent years tourism service are set up several hotels, cabins very luxurious home comforts needed. Dealer network is required levels. Restaurants to bring traditional European cuisine menu shkodrane as required. Health service was organized municipal level and Communications. This beach is also used as a beach day by the inhabitants of the city and nearby areas.Velipoja Reserve This reserve has an area 694.5 km 2. There are four large marshes. This reserve has 182 ha of pine poplar marsh. Plural ducks, especially kryekuqet, are hunted. In the forest meets various animals like doves, gugashë, rabbits, çakej, fox etc.. Marshes, vegetation birds are one of the rare values in Albania. They kept quiet, able spontaneous, natural.Razma At the foot of the mountain to Veleçikut, about 41 km from the city of Shkodra is one of the most beautiful and healthy climate of the Alps, Razma. Here, in the middle of pine trees, meadows, alpine pastures of mountain landscapes, is building a housing complex alpine type. In these environments, visitors find suitable place for excursions, hiking, sport, hunting, etc.. In Razëm presence of visitors is perennial, since, in addition to wine, it is very enviable even in winter when snow covers everything. Highway network needed trade and restaurants are a good level.Thethi VL Shkodra, about 80 km away, in the heart of the Alps, is picturesque village of Theth. Way there wander among the forest of stunning landscapes. Everywhere looks just eye ridges and peaks that rise above the narrow valleys, full of rapids and waterfalls. Special spiritual wealth, for which they speak and oral tradition, myths legends are some of the specific ethno-cultural assets, stored and transmitted from generation to generation, in the these mountain slopes valley. Pure heaven Thethit seen eagles fly of the mountain, where they nest in Shale moving river trout (fish so special with rare taste), and the slopes are covered with forests centuries, which housed dozens of animals wild, such as: bears, deer, zardafët, wolves, foxes, wild goats and the most beautiful bird.Thethi has the appearance of a basin 800 m above sea level. Is located between a steep majash crown as Radohima, yeast Arapi, Alia, which stand out for their rare beauty across the Alps. Through the village of Shala river flows, rainfall, abundant water of the crystal clear and cold as ice. From the mountains to the frenzy of noise down cataracts and waterfalls. Thethi is a place of contrasts of relief, waterfalls, dense vegetation, pastures and especially colors. It's worth doing walking tour, where you will be approaching unusual appearance. There you can see how in the middle of the forest occurs before meadows where sunlight made floral flourish, not found anywhere else. Thethi characterized by forest, pastures and alpine meadows of subalpine. National Forest Park has an area of 2300 ha. Nature has blessed this alpine village privileges. If you are a climbing enthusiast, wildlife hunting or fishing, here you will find a wide field of entertainment. Among others, the foreigners here are surprised by traditional costumes, thousands of locals. They are present especially in the holidays. Equally interesting are the habits of the way of life of this region.Thethi a virgin tourist points. His attendance has not environmental problems, there is absolute silence. There resides a small population, remarkable for traditional hospitality. Visitor service hotels and homes made available locals. Network regtar, telecommunications and health centers are present at any time.Lake Koman If you want to make an unforgettable walk through the valleys, canyons and unusual landscapes, sail on Lake Koman, which is located 30 km away from the city. The lake is formed by the reservoir of the river Drin, which is mounted Hydro Koman with 600 kw / hr. The lake has an area 12 km 2, length 34.5 km, width 50-60 m. Around the lake ascend forested mountains with altitude 1000-1200 m above sea level. This region, but also preserves historical tourist value. Nearby is the village of Koman, which was discovered a century cemetery 6-8 ej, which relate to the culture of early Albanian society. To assist tourists and locals, are put in place navigation tools for passengers, cars and cargo.Lake Vau Deja It is located just 23 km away from Shkodra. Has an area of 24.7 km, with a maximum depth of 52 m, formed by the reservoir of the Drin River in 1971, which is filed hydropower Vau Deja whom 250 / hour. Lake is fascinating beauty. When passing through narrow gorges of mountains, coastlines forest or interesting phenomena karsti, you feel happy. Lake also serves to transport, fishing and tourism.5 km away from the city of Shkodra is the island of Sardis, which still retains traces of a medieval civilization and offers excellent opportunities to develop tourism stroller. Sarda or Shurdhahu, is a name that corresponds to a medieval town, with an area of 5 acres, which once belonged to feudal patriarch ALL Dukagjini, known for his rules of the Kanun. Today he is back on the island, in the middle of Lake Vau Deja, due to the construction of hydropower, at the time of the communist regime. What is left of civilization is entering a giant Roman palace and the ruins of a church.6 km east of the city is Mesi Bridge, built over the river Cyrus, in the medieval period, in the XVIII century. Has a unique architecture, stunning. It is built of stone, has a length of 108 m and consists of 13 arches.Skadar Lake Skadar Lake in the Albanian border surrounded by Shiroka and Zogaj side Tarabosh Mountain and to the other side, from a number of villages that starting from the boundary of Hani i Hoti are villages: Jubicë, Kamicë Kindle, Lashaj Kindle, Bruçaj, Kasan, Pjetroshan, Lagej, Aliaj, Premal, Goshaj, Culaj, Koplik, Koplik Secondary, Bzhetë-Makaj, Bogic-Palvar Dobër, Sterbeq, Kalldrun. This area, also worthy of blue or green tourism is a major tourist potential, but nowadays there is still no adequate infrastructure to be attended. However adventure tourists can make shtëtitje in these areas, sure they will enjoy the wonderful panorama.Shiroka and Zogaj Along the shore of the lake, stretching Shiroka and Zogaj, in which numerous small restaurants, welcome vacationers day, sub menu rich dishes known fish carp lake. Along the Shiroka will find one of the most beautiful tourist complexes in the area, Mark Complex, which now enhanced service capacity becomes even more attractive and frekuentueshëm. However, has historically been a tradition for the locals, have visited or frequented the lake and its beaches, bicycles, due to the short distance and because this cruiser is very popular in the South. One thing you can do as you like tourists, taking rent bicycles trying indisputable satisfaction contemplation fantastic landscape. Along the shore of the lake awaits you Shkodrane Tavern, a very charming restaurant that offers rich cuisine of the lake.